Italian Pavilion - Expo Shanghai 2010
World Expo Shanghai 2010 – Better City, Better Life, the theme of the 40th Expo held from May 1 to October 31 2010. The core challenge was to build a big showcase of Italian excellence in the quality fields of urban areas, technological development and innovative materials made in Italy.
Water, Air, Light: are the primary elements behind the concept of the Italian Pavilion, which, due to its "mysterious" aspect of walled city, aims to the effect of surprise, to show an amazing variety of identities through a material that is compact and opaque by nature, but can also be transparent. The exhibition structure is 18 m high, with a plan of about 3,600 m2, and is configured as a system of separate parts forming a geometrically unitary object. The cross cuts, clear as razor-slashes, are the inside/outside connecting elements of a structure that reproduces the topographic morphology of Italian towns. The building was built with transparent cement i.light®, a newly developed cement-based material by Italcementi Group, which has fully met the expectations of the Commissioner General of the Italian Government for Expo 2010 and of the architect Giampaolo Imbrighi.
3,774 transparent panels made of i.light® cover a total area of 1,887 m2, the equivalent of about 40 % of the whole architectural structure, generating in the building a sequence of lights and shadows that change constantly throughout the day.
i.light® , the innovative material that does not contain fiber optics, like traditional transparent cements used up to today, ensures transparency by mixing cement and admixtures according to a formula developed by the research laboratories of Italcementi. Thanks to an exceptional flowability, the admixtures bind a matrix of plastic resins inside the cement-based material without generating cracks or weakening the structure. The resins of different colors react both with natural and artificial light creating a warm and soft light inside the building and an image of bright shininess on the outside. The transparent panels are proposed as architectural components with different but integrating functions as internal lighting (shading and light scattering techniques) and thermal insulation (conductivity of the plastic component is quite low).
DESCRIPTION SHEET - Italian Pavilion at Expo Shanghai 2010
Client: Commissioner General of the Italian Government for the Shanghai Expo 2010
Location: Expo Park, Area C, Plot 06, 200124 Shanghai
Architect: Giampaolo Imbrighi,Sapienza University of Rome Faculty of Architecture Ludovico Quaroni Scientific disciplinary division ICAR 12
Site characteristics: Universal Exhibition on the theme "Better City, Better Life" for a better quality of life in urban areas: from the new trends of engineering, urban planning, architecture and design to materials and innovative environmentally sustainable construction techniques.
Area: 3,600 m2 and height of 18 m
Materials: transparent cement i.light® by Italcementi
Program: 1 auditorium with 127 seats, 2 restaurants, one gift shop, library, offices and lounges, areas for temporary exhibitions: Room 1 (Italy in Motion), Room 2 (The Making Of), Room 3 (Italian Architecture), Room 4 (I-Tech), Room 5 (A Bite Of Italy), Passageways (Italian Landscapes), Inner Courtyard (The Joy Of Living)
Construction system: imposing rectangular box with square base (60 x 60 m). 3.774 panels of transparent cement (500x1000x50 mm) for a total surface of 1,887 m2, equivalent to 40% of the total area of the outer structure.
Start of works: Project 2007
End of works: Completion 2010
Total cost of the work: 150 million euro
The transparent cement i.light® is an innovative product developed by Italcementi able to offer a transparency effect by mixing cement and admixtures with a matrix of polymeric resins.
Giampaolo Imbrighi - Biograhy of the architetct
Graduated in 1972 on Architecture with full marks at La Sapienza University of Rome, has got the biennial post-lauream Specialization Diploma on "Study and Restoration of Monuments" at Rome University. Staff researcher at the Faculty of Architecture since the Academic Year 1972-73, from 1991 is Professor at the course of "Building Materials Technology"; he is also teacher at the post-graduate Course on "Bio-ecological Architecture and Environment Bearable Technology", still at the University of Rome, where is now Professor of Construction Systems Design. Has been enrolled, by competition, on the National Register of Land Planning Experts at the Ministry of Public Works and has achieved the Diploma at the Tanaja Akademia in Szombathely, Hungary, on "Problems of small and medium cities". Expert analyst of procedures on territorial technological transformation, has completed numerous researches on the subject and is author of about one hundred publications, among which more than twenty volumes. Has executed numerous plans, feasibility studies, competitions, projects, works supervisions, evaluations and tests on the area of planning, transport and mobility, civil and public works and adjustments, rearrangements and re-qualifications, particularly on historical centres areas. Recently participation in architectural competitions comported many first position last of which it is the Official Italian Pavilion for Universal Expo 2010 in Shanghai (China).
- i.light Cement and binders Commercial
Architect/StudioGiampaolo ImbrighiGraduated in 1972 on Architecture with full marks at La Sapienza University of Rome, has got the biennial post-lauream Specialization Diploma on "Study and Restoration of Monuments" at Rome University. Staff researcher at the Faculty of Architecture since the Academic Year 1972-73, from 1991 is Professor at the course of "Building Materials Technology".
Year/Location2010, Shanghai (China)